The once high-flying US dollar has had a year to forget in 2017.
The US dollar index, or DXY, has fallen by more than 10% since
hitting a multi-year high in early January this year, undermined
by a combination of political gridlock in Washington, soft US
economic data and improved economic activity elsewhere in the
It’s been a remarkable turnaround from what was seen in late
Gone is the enthusiasm to what a Donald Trump presidency could
bring, replaced by growing concern that he’ll be unable to
deliver on his pre-election promises to cut taxes and boost
infrastructure spending, two pillars that helped to power the US
dollar, bond yields and rate hike expectations higher in late
Nothing quite demonstrates how cold traders have gone towards the
greenback than the chart below from ANZ’s FX strategy team.
Business Insider Australia
It shows net US dollar positioning among speculative investors
based off weekly data released by the US Commodity Futures
Trading Commission (CFTC) each Friday.
Net positioning, shown with the blue line, has tumbled in line
with the slide in the DXY, going from a net long position of
around $30 billion at the start of the year to a net short
position of $7.4 billion last week.
Net speculative positioning, defined by ANZ as non-commercial
positions reported by the CFTC, is simply the sum of long and
short options and futures positions in a particular asset, in
this case the US dollar.
When net positioning is short it suggests that the market, as a
whole, is looking for price weakness.
So with net short positioning now standing at $7.4 billion, the
market, collectively, is now the most pessimistic that it’s been
towards the US dollar since May 2014.
It’s little wonder why the DXY has fallen so far so fast this
The greenback is clearly on the nose with traders, seemingly
drawing in even more bearish bets despite its substantial slide
over the past seven months.
For the moment, traders think that the dollar will only continue
to weaken in the period ahead based off recent trades.
Irene Cheung and Rini Sen, currency strategists at ANZ, said that
the US dollar was sold off aggressively against all major
currency pairs last week, lead by continued buying of the euro.
“US dollar selling in the week was broad based, with the most
against the EUR,” the duo wrote in a note released on Monday.
“Funds added $US2.3 billion to take their net long EUR position
to $US3.6 billion, the second consecutive week of net buying and
the biggest long position since May 2014.”
Along with the euro, traders also continued to pile into
commodity currencies such as the Canadian and Australian dollars,
recording net buying for a seventh and ninth week respectively.
“Funds added $US900 million and $US800 million to take their net
long CAD and AUD positions to $US3.7 billion and $US5.7 billion
respectively,” Cheung and Sen wrote.
The buying in the Aussie dollar left net long positioning at the
highest level since April 2013, helping to partially explain why
the AUD/USD currently sits near highs not seen in over two years.
Traders also pared back short bets against both the Japanese yen
and British pound with net positioning in both declining to
$US800 million and $US8.2 billion respectively.
Seemingly, the buck couldn’t find a friend last week despite the
release of a strong US non-farm payrolls report for July at the
end of the previous week.
However, while it’s easy to see why traders have favoured other
major currency pairs this year, the combination of short net
positioning and increasingly bearish sentiment towards the US
dollar suggests the risk of a short-squeeze in the DXY is
building should pessimism towards the dollar start to lift.
We’re clearly not at that point yet, but with so much bad news
already priced in, it’s an increasingly important factor to